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The NETfacts health system: An integrative approach to counter the mental sequelae of trauma and violence at the individual and community level
Autori/Curatori: Katy Robjant, Sabine Schmitt, Thomas Elbert, Amani Chibashimba, Anke Koebach 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2020 Fascicolo: 3 Focus monotematico. Recent developments of Narrative Exposure Therapy Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  10 P. 63-72 Dimensione file:  220 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MAL2020-003006
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In areas of armed conflict such as Eastern DR Congo, a large proportion of the population is affected by violence. Trauma and violent acts can lead to mental health and behavioural problems which have ramifications beyond the individual into the family, community and societal systems, and are passed on across generations. Dynamics of avoidance and with it the dysfunctional communication about survivors’ traumatic experience lead to the emergence of prejudices and marginalization of victims and prevent informed understandings in the aggregate. Cycles of violence emerge within communities that ‘build’ on the inherited consequences of conflict-related trauma. This article outlines the NETfacts health system that provides an integrated approach to counter the consequences of violence at the individual and community level.

In zone di conflitto come la Re-pubblica Democratica del Congo, un’ampia proporzione di popolazione è vittima di violen-za. Le esperienze traumatiche e gli atti di violenza, causando esiti avversi per la salute men-tale e problemi comportamentali, che vanno oltre l’individuo interessando la famiglia, la comunità e il sistema sociale, tramandano il trauma lungo le generazioni. Le dinamiche di evitamento e la comunicazione disfunzionale sulle esperienze traumatiche delle vittime com-portano la costruzione di pregiudizi e marginalizzazione dei sopravvissuti, non rendendo possibile una comprensione collettiva di tali vissuti. I cicli della violenza trovano spazio nel-le comunità che si "organizzano" sulle conseguenze ereditate di traumi conflitto-correlati. Questo articolo espone il modello di sistema sanitario NETfacts, che fornisce un approccio integrato per rispondere alle conseguenze della violenza a livello sia individuale sia di co-munità.
Keywords: Trauma collettivo; post-traumatic stress disorder; violenza; conflitti.

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Katy Robjant, Sabine Schmitt, Thomas Elbert, Amani Chibashimba, Anke Koebach, NETfacts e Sistema sanitario: un approccio integrativo per affrontare le conseguenze del trauma e della violenza a livello individuale e comunitario. in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 3/2020, pp. 63-72, DOI:10.3280/MAL2020-003006


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