This article analyses the recourse to money-equivalent goods in the ur-ban and agrarian credit market in the Renaissance Venetian Mainland State, highlighting the case studies of the city of Vicenza and the smaller town of Bassano. In both cases the regulated and unofficial credit markets were largely based on goods and commodities. On the one hand Jewish moneylenders grounded their business on a profitable assessment of pledges and the opportunity to be repaid in wares. On the other hand, Christians practiced hidden forms of usury based on land-owning and farm incomes. The two thus based their gains on a skilful use of barter, that proved to be an efficient economic tool in a context in which indebtedness was intrinsic, largely spread and helped the creation of "virtual money" and investments.
Keywords: Money-equivalent goods; Renaissance Venetian State; Jewish moneylending; Barter; Credit market.