A new version of an article on on-line psychotherapy written in the 1990s, and published in issue no. 4/2003 of the Italian journal Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, is presented. The debates on on-line psychotherapy and psychoanalysis that we have witnessed since 2020, following the lock-down due to the COVID-19 pandemic, show widespread misunderstandings of theory of tech-nique; these misunderstandings may lead to technical errors also in "normal", off-line psycho-therapy. In fact, many psychotherapists have looked at on-line therapy with suspicion, without understanding that it is nothing but one of the many applications of a general theory of psycho-therapy and that can be useful in various situations. These debates therefore have a sociological, not a theoretical interest, also because the theoretical and clinical problems of distance therapy had already been addressed in depth in the early 1950s with regard to "telephone analysis", that was even more advanced since it did not include the video. This article was written way back, more than twenty years ago, when there were many prejudices against on-line psychotherapy, and in Italy the National Board of Psychology (CNOP) originally had even banned Internet psychother-apy.
Keywords: On-line psychotherapy; On-line psychoanalysis; Theory of psychoanalytic tech-nique; "Presence" of the therapist; Sociology of psychotherapy