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Child Play Specialist and Child Life Specialist: role, evolution, and benefits for the pediatric patient. A litterature review
Author/s: Giulia Perasso, Chiara Allegri, Gloria Camurati 
Year:  2021 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  25 Pg. 57-81 FullText PDF:  331 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2021-003011
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Playing is a fundamental right of the child and it has a crucial role during the experience of hospitalization. The Child Play Specialist and Child Life Specialist (respectively certified in the UK and in the US healthcare system) provide play programs that normalize the child’s experi-ence in the hospital and help them in familiarizing with the medical context. This review has three main aims: i. defining the role of the play specialist, the training, the techniques imple-mented, the areas of similarity and difference between CPS and CLS; ii. examining the histori-cal evolution of this profession; iii. investigating the effects of the intervention of the play spe-cialist on the biopsychosocial health of the pediatric patient. 613 sourced were firstly consid-ered for a systematic selection (N=193 from Scopus, N=403 from Pubmed, N=17 from PsycInfo). 17 publications were finally included, after having applied language, type of publi-cation and relevance of content criteria. The sources examined show that: I. CLS and CPS pre-sent training paths and similar techniques. Different approach peculiarities emerge for CPS and CLS; II. Pioneering experiences of hospital gaming programs date back to the 1920s with significant contributions from Plank, Bergmann, and Brooks; III. The main documented ef-fects on child health are the enhancement of coping and the reduction of the use of drug thera-pies in pain management. This review highlights the need for an international consensus on the definition of the play specialist role, in order to increase empirical research around the play specialist intervention effects.
Keywords: children, hospital, playing, child play-specialist, child-life specialist

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Giulia Perasso, Chiara Allegri, Gloria Camurati, Child Play Specialist and Child Life Specialist: role, evolution, and benefits for the pediatric patient. A litterature review in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 3/2021, pp. 57-81, DOI:10.3280/PDS2021-003011


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