This study is to be considered as an open reflection - given the continuous evolution of the Covid-19 pandemic and its relative impact on people - on the need to implement changes to policies, procedures with respect to old and new needs for people who are exposed to risk or live in a state of social vulnerability. The focus here is on the destabilizing events that have been experienced by individuals as a result of the pandemic, such as the onset of the disease or the lack of adequate treatment, the loss of work-income, the rupture of couple ties, economic, educational and scholastic difficulties. The living conditions related to the weakening of mechanisms and forms of social regulation for people at risk or in a state of vulnerability were then analysed. Here we report, albeit briefly, the results of two exploratory types of research, conducted with a qualitative method, in two different regional contexts of our peninsula, Lombardy and Southern Lazio: the first survey focused on issues relating to the impact of the pandemic on the daily life of the most fragile social groups, on the reorganization of public services and the third sector, on prospects; the second on the daily life of forced migrants. Both kinds of research highlight the multifactorial of social vulnerabilities in the face of the Covid-19 emergency and the need to redesign the reception systems, increase the social and health structures of innovative tools to reduce inequalities and pursue social justice.
Keywords: vulnerabilità; disuguaglianze; covid-19; fragilità; vita quotidiana; migranti.