During the First World War, the chapter of the young psychoanalysis dedicated to the traumatic neuroses of war, with their procession of paralytic and amnesiac symptoms, takes origin in a dramatic way. At first, Freud’s followers try to interpret it on the model of hysteria, as a drive response to trauma, followed by repression. Subsequently, the greater complexity of this pathology is understood, with the compromise of the early narcissistic levels. In the cour-se of subsequent war events in the history, the contributions of other second and third genera-tion psychoanalysts will then be added.
Keywords: hysteria, trauma, war neurosis, war psychosis.