The study is aimed at investigating the role of identity, sense of coherence and self-efficacy in dealing with multiple sclerosis (MS) with respect to depression and psychological well-being in a group of MS patients with mild to moderate disability, taking into account differences related to gender, age, disease duration, family status and employment. The study involved 182 MS patients (64% woman, mean age = 40 years old, ds = 10.7; mean disease duration = 6 years, ds = 6) and study variables were investigated through an anonymous self-report questionnaire.
Regression analyses stressed that significant predictors of depression were a recent diagnosis and low identity and sense of coherence scores. Significant predictors of psychological well-being were high identity, sense of coherence and self-efficacy in dealing with MS scores. The results of the study suggest the usefulness of psychological intervention for MS patients to support them in the process of identity redefinition, making sense of coherence, planning goals and searching for action strategies, with the ultimate aim of promoting a better adjustment to the illness, not only in terms of reduced depression, but also of increased well-being.
Keywords: Multiple Sclerosis, Depression, Psychological Well-Being, Identity, Sense of Coherence, Self-Efficacy
Emanuela Calandri, Federica Graziano, Martina Borghi, Silvia Bonino, Depression and psychological well-being in people with multiple sclerosis: The role of identity, sense of coherence and self-efficacy in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 1/2016, pp. 49-66, DOI:10.3280/PDS2016-001007