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When obtaining support is important. The relationship between optimism, disclosure, and perceived peer support in a sample of young women
Autori/Curatori: Conrad Baldner, Clara Amato, Daniela Di Santo 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: 3  Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  16 P. 115-130 Dimensione file:  226 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2018-003006
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Previous research has shown a positive association between optimism and perceived so-cial support. In this research the authors sought to uncover conditions and mechanisms that could influence this relationship; the authors were specifically interested in how these issues affect peer support in university-age women, for whom it is particularly important. The au-thors made three principal findings: (1) that perceived peer support is high when optimism towards peer support is high; perceived peer support is lowest when the value placed on negative events is high but optimism is low; (2) that participants’ tendencies to disclose their troubles could also be explained by the above pattern; and (3) that disclosure mediated the association between the perceived peer support with the interaction between optimism and value. Taken generally, disclosure can be explained by the independent and interdependent effects of optimism and value, which in turn can explain when peer support is perceived.

Ricerche precedenti hanno mostrato un’associazione positiva tra ottimismo e supporto sociale percepito. Nella presente ricerca, gli autori hanno indagato le condizioni e i meccanismi che possono influire su questa relazione; in particolare, gli autori erano interessati a comprendere come questi aspetti possano influenzare il supporto dei pari nel caso di donne in età universitaria, per le quali quest’ultimo risulta essere particolarmente importante. Saranno discussi i tre risultati principali: (1) il supporto percepito dei pari è alto quando l’ottimismo verso il support dei pari è alto; il supporto percepito è più basso quando il valore attribuito agli eventi negativi è alto ma l’ottimismo è basso; (2) la tendenza dei partecipanti a parlare dei propri problemi (disclosure) potrebbe anche essere spiegata dal pattern descritto; e (3) la disclosure ha mediato l’associazione tra il supporto percepito dai pari e l’interazione tra l’ottimismo e il valore attribuito agli eventi negativi. In generale, la disclosure può essere spiegata dagli effetti indipendenti e interdipendenti dell’ottimismo e il valore attribuito agli eventi negativi, che a loro volta possono spiegare quando il supporto dei pari viene percepito.
Keywords: Ottimismo, disclosure, supporto percepito dei pari.

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  1. Daniela Di Santo, Conrad Baldner, Antonio Aiello, Arie W. Kruglanski, Antonio Pierro, The hopeful dimension of locomotion orientation: Implications for psychological well-being in The Journal of Social Psychology /2021 pp. 233, DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2020.1803786

Conrad Baldner, Clara Amato, Daniela Di Santo, Quando ottenere sostegno è importante. La relazione tra ottimismo, "disclosure" e supporto percepito dei pari in un campione di giovani donne in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 3/2018, pp. 115-130, DOI:10.3280/PDS2018-003006


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