Health, gender and migration are research topics that hardly harmonize with each other. The article focuses on the theme of migration highlighting, through the reading of ISTAT data, the phenomenon of the progressive increase of the female migrant population in the city of Palermo.
It refers to a wide literature describing the concept of vulnerability, then declining it in a gender perspective that highlights the multiple dimension of contextual, situational and institutional factors that penalize migrant women in terms of health. In order to identify any critical institutional factors that make migrant women vulnerable, she outlines a framework of national and regional legislation on health protection. It then examines, on an empirical level, the statistics of the last five years relating to access of migrant women to the hospitals of Palermo in relation to pre-natal health care (1), childbirths (2) and abortions (3). The conclusions that are then formulated highlight a difficulty in translating norms into good practices and an attempt to evade the opportunity of transcultural mediation within the civic hospitals, which would instead constitute the "lever of Archimedes" in addressing the gender vulnerability of migrant women by facilitating access to health services in Palermo.
Keywords: Vulnerabilità di genere; migrazione femminile; indicatori statistici della popolazione; servizio sanitario; domanda di salute; accesso agli ospedali