Al di là dell'archetipo. I. Innatismo ed esperienza nelle strutture di rappresentazione e di regolazione della mente ABSTRACT: The debate between empyrical-naturalistic and hermeneutical-mentalistic point of view stretches across psychoanalysis and analytical psychology. Jung's theory of archetype, stressing upon contents, instead of recognizing phormal aspects of the concept, has left out the importance of relationship, meant both in the interpersonal sense, and in the one of way of intrapsichic functioning. A suitable interpretation of archetype may be assuming inheritance as a foundation of relationship, so linking psychodynamic psychology to other sciences, etology, anthropology, and today also neurosciences, infant research and cognitive psychology. In details, studies about sense of Self development, motivational systems and caregiver relationship show that compulsion to repetition is built on reproduction and actualization, in adult life, of early relationship models. There is a core relationship model developed on matching of inheritance and primary maternal care; according to this, when Jung highlights biological boundaries enclosing individuation process, heacknowledges the primate of these early models of mental functioning.