From the Mac Sharry Reform to Agenda 2000: The Cap Greening Process - This paper deals with the long and complex process of integrating environmental objectives into the agricultural policy of the EU. The greening process was reinforced with the Cap reform in Agenda 2000, and especially with inclusion of agri-environmental measures in rural development plans and the introduction of "horizontal regulation". The process has gained momentum on the strength of two sets of factors: i) the issue of potential health hazards in food; ii) the Agenda 2000 mid-term review.
Altogether, the integration of environmental objectives with agricultural and rural development policies has been partial and incomplete so far, mainly because it is based on conditionality to sector-based tools with different goals. It would therefore be more effective to focus on specific environmental objectives and reinforce territory-based instruments, especially those already available in the EU policy tool set but currently subordinated to market and sector-based policies.