This paper discusses the significance of raising, in the modern economy, of the new, or digital, economy. The question is if new economy is a new paradigm or a renewing of an old paradigm of the economy. In the author’s point of view new economy is a mixture between old and new paradigms. Its impact on the modern economy has been too much emphasized by some scholars and by the set of economic operators in Ict. The consequences are well known. Ict has the cause and the victim of a speculative bubble. However, the new economy has some solid fundamentals and in this vision we can think that it could have an influence of the labour market. But this influence is bounded by some cognitive and cultural structures governing the modern labour market, so that transformations in this market will have necessarily a less strong impact.