The role of the regional Councils is currently being redefined: this will take shape and substance in the new statutes, since the direct election of the regional Presidents and the duties now assigned to the managers have effectively shifted authority back within the institution of the Region. In the framework of this repositioning of the Council, together with the relevant commissions, the functions of orientation and control could be decisive, especially when reviewed with respect to the present situation. In the current state of considerable ferment, this paper seeks to pinpoint certain functions of the Council relative to the checks on the efficiency, effectiveness and economic viability of the operative structure. Also noted are the features peculiar to public organizations precisely as regards the modalities of control over the management and strategies of the body. Particular analysis is made of the traditional typologies of control and those typical of a regional authority, the possible qualitative and quantitative developments, and the possible tools, in view inter alia of the ever-growing need to investigate and assess the effects, as these make themselves felt, of the provisions of the regions as bodies exacting financial resources and regulations, rather than services.