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L'importanza della rete di trasporti transeuropea per l'integrazione e la crescita dell'Unione europea allargata
Titolo Rivista: ECONOMIA PUBBLICA  
Autori/Curatori: Werner Rothengatter 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2005 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  18 Dimensione file:  1552 KB

Fostering integration and economic growth is a premier goal of the transport policy of the European Commission. In the White Paper on Common Transport Policy from the year 2001 the Commission sets clear targets for removing transport bottlenecks and managing the growth of transport in the extended Union. Therefore, the establishment of Transeuropean Networks (TEN) is one of the major instruments to achieve the goal. Following the issues of the Maastricht Treaty, the Commission and the EU Parliament have provided a first definition of TEN in 1996. In 2004 the van Miert High Level Group has redefined the TEN taking into account the extension to central Europe. The evaluation of the economic impacts on a scientific base is a complex issue and has been further developed through several large research projects launched by the Commission. While the neo-classical methods result in an overall positive economic impact of the revised TEN concept, the evolutionary methods indicate that there might be a risk of over-investment. They suggest that the stimulating effects of TEN will be modest in the highly industrialised countries of West Europe while there is a clear positive evaluation for the accession countries. The reason for this result is the restructuring of economic sectors in EU-15 towards services and high tech industries and the growing relative importance of communication and education compared with physical infrastructure. This leads to the conclusion that in the EU-15 countries a major challenge will be to use the existing infrastructures more efficiently and to adjust infrastructure capacity planning to the shrinking population in the future.


Werner Rothengatter, in "ECONOMIA PUBBLICA " 4/2005, pp. , DOI:

   

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