However decisive the role of regional governments in local development policies has tended to become in recent times, it is still quite conditioned by the central government. Yet, regional governments have considerably extended their
influence in overlooking the Territorial Pacts a major local development measure. This marks a return to a strategic thinking in planning regional local development. Based on the results of a field research, the paper highlights a number of key factors influencing the future development of regional development polices. At the present, many pacts and other relevant initiatives related to local development are characterized by a lack of coordination: very little coordination exists between European and national funding; a large number of organizations operating at the regional level have little or no contact with each other; it is not at all clear how to accompany the transition from the phase of the so-called ‘concertation’ to the constitution of a ‘local agency’ in charge of coordinating and implementing the pacts. Finally, whether and how the regional governments will be able to undertake cohesive actions within commonly shared development plans and policies remains an open question.