In the Uses and Abuses of History section Gabriele Turi examines the merits and above all the defects (resulting essentially from some highly dubious editorial decisions) of the Enciclopedia biografica universale, a weekly supplement sold with «la Repubblica» and «l’Espresso» from 27 December 2006 to 8 May 2007. The Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, founded by Giovanni Treccani, was responsible for the volumes. What characteristics must a life have to become an autobiography in nineteenth century Italy? What sorts of relationships emerge from an analysis of Italian autobiographies in this period? What is the sociological, cultural and psychological portrait of the author? Luisa Tasca endeavours to reply to such questions, offering the first results of her research on Italian nineteenth century autobiographies. Through a discussion of the numerous and significant research contributions that have appeared in the past two decades on right-wing opposition in France to the Popular Front governments, Gilles Richard offers an overall synthesis and points to the main questions that they raise.