Transition as social Darwinism Post-Communist transition is an integral part of a social revolution enacted by different means and at different times, from the first phase - changing the rules which have lost their validity - to the phase of experimenting with new rules in a process dominated by social Darwinism. That is the hypothesis developed by the author of this paper. There is a discussion of the complex dynamics characterising a revolution in which a destructuring phase (often brief, violent, radical, political and institutional - a brief present) is followed by a restructuring phase (often long, progressive, social and economic - a long present). Such a transition, involving the restructuring phase of the revolution, is observed in post-Communist Russia and central Europe. The author analyses the various forms and time-scales in which the transitions take place. The two processes of social Darwinism are dominated by various levels of corruption, but in central Europe the transition is accelerated by the past experience of industrialisation, the attraction of accession to the European Union and the need to involve the population with small and medium sized enterprises. The different characteristics of the Russian transition - the wealth of raw materials and the need for large companies (and oligarchs), the need for the protection provided by organised crime, the foreign industrial links created by the import-export trade and the difficulties faced by small companies, including their links with consultants - make the transition longer. It is still under way.