Research in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, research and institution Research means wondering not only on the clear aim of a specific study but also on the hidden meaning and on the counter transferral emotions that the study’s object induces in the researchers and in the research team’s dynamics. In this paper, psychoanalytic approach and research related to this approach developed in COIRAG (Confederation of Italian Organizations for Analytic Research on Groups), particularly in CSR (Study and Research Centre), was analyzed. This type of research considers subject not only as individual subject, traditionally considered, but emphasizes the internal group which exists in every subject independently from its dimension and nature. A habitus of specific observation and research results either of the prescriptive frame, that creates particular processes, or of the relationships’ configuration, which can be explicit <=> implicit, and can be generated by individuals, groups and institutions. Referring to a project carried out by COIRAG named The Dream and the Organization, which collected data for three years and has tried to reach that kind of dream state which is largely present in every institution (all the individuals of an institution dream in relation to their institutional context) and which is able to assume different forms accessible to knowledge, it is noticed that institutional emotional clime comes before and goes with the possibility of take care of the institution and that healthy institution’s increase can lead to an increase of groups and individuals living in a healthy level. It is possible to say that the taking care of the emotional distress, and the research about this, could be achieved by two ways: one which, using the traditional psychotherapy, works on individual and, using groups, makes benefits on institution; and the other, which takes care of unhealthy institutions. In this way it is possible to consider in a planning view many problems and experiences, related to the institutional individual’s mental working level. Key words: psychotherapy, research, institution.