Did Keynes Go to Developing Countries? - This work examine the nature of the relation between Keynesianism and the theories of development economics, pinpointing the consistencies and differences existing between them. In this respect a Keynesian heritage is unquestionable and can even be discerned in the vicissitudes of many development economists’ lives. At the same time, it must be acknowledged that some foundational concepts of the development debate cannot be ascribed to any Keynesian genealogy, and must rather be traced back to classical categories. The eclecticism of early development economics makes the so-called label of Keynesian consensus too narrow a concept.