School mix and distribution of immigrant students in the italian schools - The way immigrant students are distributed in the Italian schools appears unequal, both at regional and at local level, and also in the single schools and classes. The article reflects upon the consequences of such phenomenon and on the strategies to be carried out in order to prevent the building of "separate classes", mostly attended by students whose citizenship is not Italian. The article takes into account the ways distribution is carried out in several European countries - and in particular the case of the carte scolaire in France -, analising the policies of orientation of enrolments and the risks of school apartheid. For what concerns Italy - where there is a variety of situations because of the liberalisation of accesses - the risk of an unequal distribution and of an -inner segregation- is confirmed, which could be emphasized by special measures in favour of immigrants. Finally, the article introduces the reasons for the school mix and the debate on the consequences of heterogeneity in class, which is linked to a greater equity but not necessarily to a lower scholastic achievement, as long as it is supported by measures of complex instruction, differentiated didactic, intercultural prospective, and a planning at local level based on the pact between school and territory.
Keywords immigrants school inequality intercultural education distribution