Immigrants and the second generations: a preliminary introduction - The article analyzes contemporary migration processes, by focusing on the so-called ‘second generation’ in Europe and Italy. After a brief description of the different meanings attached to this definition, the article highlights some of the peculiar aspects of the Italian context and analyzes them. Italy has experienced immigration only recently in comparison to other European countries. In addition, in this country immigration is often discussed by politicians and the media as a process related only with the labour market. This makes it interesting to define some preliminary indicators and trends in relation to the presence of migrants’ children in Italy. Through the analysis of statistical data and academic research, this article studies migration projects through the perspective of the ‘second generation’, to show this can provide an appropriate lens to understand migration trajectories in their full complexity. Additionally, this article encourages researchers to consider migration from this perspective, as it will be part of a long-term process which may be viewed, from an analytical perspective, as a trajectory, or rather as a multiplicity of potential trajectories. Keywords: Immigration, Second Generation, Immigration in Italy, Multiculturalism, Education.