The Mind-Body Problem in the Contemporary Debate - The mind-body problem is a crucial question to philosophers and cognitive scientists who pursue a program of naturalization of mind while preserving its causal efficacy. Two options seem to be open if we approach the question from a materialistic point of view: either preserve the notion of mental autonomy, by adhering to a nonreductive materialism, or give up that notion by supporting a reductive option. What I propose for discussion here is a neo-reductive perspective which considers mental causation as a sort of physical causation and maintains the mind-body identity.
Keywords: Mental causation, Physicalism, Supervenience, Epiphenomenalism, Qualia, Identity theory.
Parole chiave: Causalità mentale, Materialismo, Sopravvenienza, Epifenomenalismo, Qualia, Teoria dell’identità psico-fisica.