KEY WORDS: psychopathology, phenomenology, philosophy, epistemology, history of psychiatry)" />
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Endogeno, psicogeno e organico: analisi storica e filosofica di una distinzione classica della psichiatria continentale
Author/s:  Massimiliano Aragona 
Year:  2009 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  22 Pg. 343-364 FullText PDF:  140 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PU2009-003004
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The classical distinction among endogenous, organic, and psychogenic conditions in continental psychiatry: a historical and philosophical analysis - The classical psychopathological distinction of endogenous, organic and psychogenic conditions is historically considered. In a first phase it was difficult to deal with the fundamental problem of causality. The following "ontological" phase (Tellenbach) tried to solve previous problems by means of a "positive" definition of the Endon, based on Heidegger’s ideas on human existence being thrown into the world (Geworfenheit). Being non-testable, it was not followed by scientific psychiatry. Finally, the phenomenal approach tried to overcome previous limits by means of a purely descriptive approach, based on the formal description of psychopathological phenomena disclosed in any of the three conditions considered. Nevertheless, it did not succeed completely because it reintroduced a less evident but still significant form of causality. On the basis of this analysis, the main elements that new ideas on this subject should consider are discussed.

KEY WORDS: psychopathology, phenomenology, philosophy, epistemology, history of psychiatry

Massimiliano Aragona, in "PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE" 3/2009, pp. 343-364, DOI:10.3280/PU2009-003004


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