L’evoluzione dei rapporti tra enti pubblici e nonprofit nel settore dell’assistenza in Italia: nodi e prospettive - Since the 1990s Italy has experienced a strong expansion in social enterprises and in the third sector. Empirical literature has focused overall on the economic and employment dimensions of the third sector’s role in the economy of social care. However, in the last years little has been written about the empirical process of evolution of the welfare mix in Italy. To address this need, the paper analyzes the recent dynamics of the relations between public agencies and nonprofit enterprises. The central conclusion emerging from this analysis is that the evolution of nonprofit in Italy still suffers from a number of drawbacks and limitations, while the regulative approach to the welfare mix is only partially appropriate to enforce the advantages of nonprofit enterprises in a modern economy of welfare.