Le tante città di una capitale: Napoli nella prima età moderna - The many cities of a capital: Naples in early modern history History of Naples (16th-17th cent.) Spanish presence in Naples (16th-17th cent.) Neapolitan civic administration Neapolitan aristocracy Spanish viceroys in Naples Naples represents an interesting case study within the context of Spanish territories in Italy. More than elsewhere, in Naples the orders issued in Madrid, and carried by the viceroys, needed to be negotiated with the prerogative of the local authorities, aristocracy in particular. During Spanish domination important works were made not only to improve city conditions, but also to ensure security and visibility to Spanish power. The demographic growth, the afflux of nobles from the rest of the Kingdom, the increasing number of ecclesiastics were all factors that concurred to increase in Naples conflicts and tensions, in which local institutions, both civic and ecclesiastical, played an important role.