Human rights are the criteria that establish what the state and society cannot do and what they must do if they want to act legitimately. As these criteria are ubiqui- tous, the cinema - as the most popular art form - has not been able to escape them and has reflected them in film productions, works that could be classified on the basis of the stance they adopt with regard to them, such that it is possible to talk about a "human rights cinema" (i.e. one that is favourable to human rights) and about an "anti-human rights cinema" (which acts as their detractor): the most blatant example of the latter can be found in what we might term "cinema of vendetta". The human rights cinema, meanwhile, has brought practically all human rights onto the silver screen. As one generation has taken over from its predecessor, we have watched a host of topics portrayed in the movies in defence of the most basic of human rights, civil and political rights, economic, social and cultural rights, followed in due course by the rights to development, to peace and to a healthy environment. Apart from the academic discourse, this type of cinema has proved to be effective in disseminating human rights.