Flexibility and labour market segmentation in Portugal: the role of gender and immigration - This text provides a general overview of the labour market in Portugal, with gender and migration patterns being adopted as the perspectives for its analysis. In a scenario in which there is an ever greater flexibility of employment, the increased participation of women in the world of work and the growth in immigration have both played a decisive role. Both women and immigrants have been over-represented in the more precarious segments of employment, which means that they have helped to sustain some of the more recent employment dynamics. Some of the main indicators of the situation of women in the labour market are described (participation levels, sectors of activity, contractual arrangements, part-time work and unemployment) together with a study of data relating to foreign immigration (participation rates, sectors of activity, discrimination, contractual arrangements and unemployment). It is concluded that the modes of incorporation of women and immigrants in the labour market explain why they continue to face powerful structural obstacles to equality and integration.
Keywords: Labour market, segmentation, flexibility, gender, immigration, Portugal