A history of homosexuality and organized psychoanalysis - . In the 1950s, psychoanalytic attitudes of organized psychoanalysis toward homosexuality could be reasonably characterized as hostile. First there was a transition from Freud’s early views of homosexuality as immature to later post-Freudian theories that pathologized same-sex attractions and behavior. Following the 1973 decision of the American Psychiatric Association to remove homosexuality from the DSM-II, homosexuality is now more commonly regarded as a normal variant of human sexuality. The history of psychoanalytic attitudes toward homosexuality reinforces the impression that psychoanalytic theories cannot be divorced from the political, cultural, and personal contexts in which they are formulated. This history also shows that analysts can take positions that either facilitate or obstruct tolerance and acceptance.
Keywords: Homosexuality, history, organized psychoanalysis, homophobia, queer theory