Civil resistance in Nazi Berlin deals with a significant historical theme, for long ignored both in West Germany and the DDR: namely, the solidarity of non-Jewish Germans towards Jews. The study focuses on Berlin. Following the "Crystal-Night" and above all after the start of the "final solution", thousands of Jews survived despite their illegal status through the help of single men and women or networks of German non-Jewish fellow-citizens. Political resistance, religious faith or humanitarian commitment were the principal motives for these actions, culminating in the Rosenstrasse collective protest of women. Recent research reveals a far more complex description of German society during the Third Reich than the crude stereotype of "Hitler’s willing executioners". The assumption that ordinary Germans could not do anything against Hitler’s terror is disproved by this solidarity toward Jews.
Keywords: Resistenza civile, Berlino, ebre