The following essay aims to analyze the importance of social song as means of social expression during the first half of the nineteenth century in Paris. The author presents an international historical overview of studies on the popular song, paying particular attention to the Italian and French context. The point of view adopted allows the author to consider the song in its entirety, both as "text" and as "social practice". Through the concept of sociability, attention is focused on the spread of the music production. The archival research, based on police documents, puts in relevance the sites of song diffusion, such as streets, cafés-concerts, the popular music associations and the goguettes. The author conducts a detailed study of musical texts to highlight some important aspects about politics and thoughts of artisan-workers. It will be clear the role of songs as a place of emancipation and worker’s claim.
Keywords: Historiography, Paris 1830-1848, social song, goguette, French songwriters 19th century, French socio-political history 19th century.