Dakar represents a symbolic place of the political and administrative French centralization. Its urban development showed an exponential growth that caused the overcrowding of several urban and periurban areas especially during the last twenty years. The political authorities tried to check problems like the inhomogeneous and deregulated growth: first carrying out statist policies for a forced regularisation and then through participated building projects concerning the urban habitat. The singularity of the city’s urban management lays in the Senegal urbanistic code that leaves to the President the final decision about the urban topics. That proves the importance and the political weight of the urban themes in this country and the hard decentralisation process still to be metabolized. During the last years, Abdoulaye Wade tried to give a new surge to the capital city unveiling new infrastructure projects and starting the building process of huge monuments, which gave importance to the city; its target is to give back to the city its ancient role as West African main city, and possibly of the whole Africa, and making it becoming the new West Africa most attractive commercial and business pole.
Keywords: Senegal, Dakar, Urbanization, Urban politics, Abdoulaye Wade