The interpretation of 1968 in Italy can be ascribed to two main schools of thought. The first sees in it the birth of an extremist and corporative madness of society which would last up to 1977 and beyond; the second, on the contrary, sees in it a very important factor of civil modernization. These trends can be traced back to the plenty of essays published on the occasion of its 40th anniversary, that nowadays is possible to examine with a critical approach. From the revisionist fury of Marcello Veneziani to the nostalgic look of Anna Bravo, the article reconstructs an articulate, and yet lively, debate, identifying in the legacy of 1968 a possible antidote to the progressive de-structuring of political subjectivity, in virtue of the concrete utopia which that movement was able to tie up to the perspective of the "irruption of the political struggle in everyday life".
Keywords: 1968, movimento del Sessantotto, modernizzazione civile, utopia, lotta politica, revisionismo