In 2008, Spain’s most high-profile Judge, Baltasar Garzón, investigated the atrocities of the Franco’s regime. He is now facing trial charged with «abuse of power» and he could be struck off the Judiciary. The Supreme Court maintains that Garzón acted without jurisdiction, deliberately ignoring the 1977 amnesty law, which extinguishes any politically motivated crimes committed under the dictator’s rule. The article analyzes this legal case, that can be interpreted as yet another episode of the social and political dispute related to the «Recovery of the Historical Memory» of the Civil War and the dictatorship which still divides contemporary Spain.
Keywords: Spagna, Garzón, franchismo, guerra civile spagnola, amnistia, recupero della memoria storica