Making history and reflecting on the historical knowledge are often considered as two antithetical attitudes. Relying on an empiricist paradigm, the former aims to increase its ability to criticize testimonies (evidences). The latter shows instead the limits of an excessively scientific setting, forgetful of the fundamental role of the historian’s subjectivity. Based on some important French contributions of the 1970s (De Certeau, Veyne, Furet), this article highlights the possibility of a dialogue between two positions often hastily regarded as irreconcilable.
Keywords: Storiografia; metodologia storica; epistemologia; Francia; Annales; postmoderno