The authors of this article examine how Giordano Bruno rewrites the classical myth of Diane and Actaeon in the Eroici furori . The starting point for this study is the Argomento del Nolano where the philosopher explains his ideas regarding the importance of love poetry and allegory for the illustration of philosophical concepts. In the next section the authors concentrate on the sonnet «Alle selve i mastini e i veltri slaccia» (I, d. 4). This is the first passage in the Furori where Bruno connects Actaeon’s hunt and his encounter with the goddess Diana to the philosophical hunt of knowledge. The authors explain the meaning of the mythological imagery evoked in this sonnet by relating the poem to other parts of the Furori (in particular part I, d. 2-3-4). An analysis of the notion of furor («frenzy»), which is the subject of dialogue three (part I), allows the authors to identify Actaeon as a model for the eroico furioso («the frenzied hero»). The prose comment following the sonnet «Alle selve i mastini e i veltri slaccia» offers essential information on the reinterpretation of the literary motifs which have been linked to the myth of Actaeon since Antiquity. Bruno presents these motifs (the hounds, the wood, metamorphosis etc.) as components of the philosophical hunt, which the frenzied hero needs to undertake in order to contemplate the truth (the «vera essenza de tutti»). In the last section the authors take a closer look at the second and the third allusion to the hunting myth (part I, d. 4; part II, d. 2), which illustrate the further stages of Actaeon’s epistemological journey.
Keywords: Giordano Bruno, Degli Eroici furori , the myth of Diana and Actaeon, the philosophical hunt, epistemology and literary imagery