This paper considers a sample of 228 Italian organisations providing communal services with the aim of measuring their technical efficiency using the DEA (Date Envelopment Analysis) method and of testing the existence of efficiency differentials among nonprofit, forprofit and public organisations. The results show that no significant efficiency differentials exist across organisational forms. The innovative aspects of this paper include: 1) the allowance for the role of non-paid labour, that characterises particularly the nonprofit sector; 2) the inclusion among the inputs of indicators of both paid and non-paid work-hours (as opposed to number of workers) and among the outputs of service hours per user; 3) the differentiation, within the nonprofit sector, between social cooperatives, religious nonprofit organisations, and non-religious nonprofit organisations.
Keywords: Efficienza produttiva, nonprofit
Jel Code: C39, D24, J28, L30