Fjord City is the slogan for the development of the Oslo waterfront. What appears as a unified design is in reality a mosaic of interventions implemented gradually under different conditions. The 1980s were characterised by a cultural orientation to give priority to the urban centre in a climate of political polarisation, economic liberalism and institutional transformation. In the 1990’s the state resumed an active role, in conditions offinancial crisis, launching new policies and new regulatory mechanisms. Norway re-established institutional stability in 2000 and Fjord City reflects the form of government that replaced the traditional model of social democratic planning. The organisation of decision-making for the development of the city are to be seen on this ground of interaction between physical space and the institutional sphere.
Keywords: Deindustrialisation; institutional transformations; urban planning