This paper deals with how the reform regulating fiscal federalism in Italy (L. 42/2009) addresses three problems. First, how to finance additional sub-central competencies with local taxes, especially when they involve the provision of minimum or essential levels of service (e.g. health). Second, how to solve the trade-off between the need for greater efficiency and the need to equalise the lower endowment of the poorer regions. Third, whether local governments should have a direct relationship with the central government or whether the regions may successfully fund and equalise the fiscal capacity of local governments within their territories.
Keywords: Fiscal federalism, Equalisation, Minimum standards
Jel Code: H710, H720, H730