In June 2010 post-Soviet Asia, considered the gateway between East and West, was the scene of yet another episode of ethnic violence. The stage in this case was the Fergana valley, a fertile region divided politically between Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan and Kirghizstan and since time immemorial a focus of the territorial ambitions of regional powers. Following a brief review of expert analyses of the event, the Author presents her own interpretation in the light of the valley’s history. The economic, political and social factors taken into account include the Afghan drug trade centred on the Kirghiz town of Osh, where the violence took place. The above underlying factors have been concealed, especially by the mass media, which resulted in the presentation of the clash as an ethnic pogrom.
Keywords: Asia centrale, Fergana, nazionalismo, geo-politica, scontro etnico