The Education policy of the Italian Government can be summed up with two slogans: "to reduce curriculi" and "to cut down on teachers". The study of Medieval History (which has already been reduced) in Italian schools has to deal with these objectives. The new teaching guidelines for high schools are the demonstration that behind this reform there is a political agenda: to take back the school system to what it was before 1968 and wipe out all that has been achieved after it. The comparison with the curriculi of the ’60s shows it, and also uncovers the cultural impoverishment of this reform.
Keywords: Politica scolastica, riforma Gelmini, storia medievale, Sessantotto, scuola secondaria superiore, programmi scolastici