The author, through the judicial history of a minor defendant, reflects and confronts two different perspectives in the approach to human reality: the juridical one and the psychoanalytic one. Psychological listening, particularly groupanalysis, which focuses on the importance of environmental intentions in determining the capacity to act responsibly, opens a space for the patient for an understanding of the subject which is reconstructive and given a new foundation. The norms, in that case, reflect consciousness of self and others. Marked by a possibility of choice they permit the assumption of responsibility, the enjoyment of one’s own right that constitutes the irrefutable premise, even if relative, of the possibility of freedom.
Keywords: Norms and understanding, responsibility and freedom, amoral listening, conscience, psychic contagion and separation