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Darwin and Victorian Philosophy
Journal Title: PARADIGMI 
Author/s: Paolo Casini 
Year:  2011 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  19 Pg. 11-29 FullText PDF:  115 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PARA2011-002002
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At the beginning of The Origin of Species three quotations from Whewell, Butler and Bacon introduce the reader to Darwin’s "philosophical" dilemmas: the refutation of finality; the antithesis chance/necessity; the war of nature; the "law of nature" and the problem of evil. These were echoes of the theological culture that Darwin discussed at length, while his occasional quotations from Hume and Comte, his refutation of McCulloch, his relationship with contemporary philosophers like Whewell and Herschel, Spencer, Huxley and Mill confirm his refusal of finality in nature, his attitude of skepticism and prudence concerning the ultimate problems, and his full awareness thanks to the evolutionary hypothesis of having radically overturned the ancient anthropocentric pride of our species, and paved the way for a new approach to philosophical research on man.
Keywords: Chance/necessity, Darwin, Descent, Law of nature, Teleology, Victorian Philosophy

Paolo Casini, Darwin and Victorian Philosophy in "PARADIGMI" 2/2011, pp. 11-29, DOI:10.3280/PARA2011-002002


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