This paper deals with the Muslim slave presence within the "Bagno" of Livorno in the 17th century, placing a particular emphasis on aspects of everyday life and relationships with the city’s inhabitants. Through the analysis of inquisition records relating to magical practices held by the Archiepiscopal Archives of Pisa, it has come to light that a number of Christians had recourse to the magical arts of the "Turks". Through the detailed descriptions provided in these documents it has been possible to ascertain that such practices were, in fact, in accordance with North African Islamic tradition. This phenomenon appears to both confirm the ideological association of the "Infidels" with the demonic world, while at the same time representing a medium for cultural exchange between the two shores of the Mediterranean.
Keywords: Livorno/Leghorn; Islam; Inquisition; Magic; 17th century