This essay describes, trough the study of Ferrara county, the role played by union (particularly labour-union) in the establishment of new corporative structures in agriculture by the fascist government. At the same time, it throws light upon a process shared by a great part of low Po valley, areas with a strong presence of agricultural capitalism and labour-movement. Though the fascist corporative system shows its ideological weakness and totalitarian limits, despite the efforts of Edmondo Rossoni, at the local level it works thanks to the leading role of the labour-union. It ensures practical stability to the whole corporative structure and enables the regime to reach its desired economic and social aims; even with the heavy limits and the important inefficiency which characterized the management of resources during the war.
Keywords: Syndicalism; agriculture; totalitarism; second World War; cooperatives; fascism