The dissolution of the Ussr and the transition from real socialism to market Bolshevism were characterized by a twenty-year metamorphosis that, through that peculiar gothic expressionism of the post-Soviet literature, reveals the unexpected past of the Russia. The gothic expressionism makes reappear the ghosts of ussr and landed to «magical historicism» characterized by an absurdist and uchronic interpretation of the history of Soviet Russia. The alarming historical background represented by the magical historicism is the most obvious symptom of the failure of other, more conventional ways of understanding both the past and the current russian reality. The galaxy Gothic-absurdist, composed by Pelevin, Sorokin and Erofeev, resurrects the ghosts of the ussr: reconstructing in a satirical grotesque key the historical legacy of the ussr, the magical historicism is also an implicit critique of post-Soviet era.
Keywords: Dissoluzione dell’Urss, espressionismo gotico, storicismo magico, Pelevin, Sorokin, Erofeev