The paper analyses the relationship between the flexibilization of labour market and the late departure from the parental home in Italy. The planned project aims to analyse whether and how the type of contract influences the first transition to adult life, leaving home, and how this varies according to level of education, that in Italy it is un indirect indicator of social class, and gender. In fact, less attention has been paid to analysis of the effects of employment precariousness on family formation according to social class and level of education. The hypothesis is that in Italy, where the welfare state it is not universalistic, the type of contract influences the decision to leave home, all other factors being equal. The hypothesis is supported by a quantitative analysis, based on Italian Labour market Forces, and by two qualitative studies, based on interviews and focus groups with people aged 20-45. The qualitative studies show the mechanism at the base of people decisions.
Keywords: Flexibility, transition to adult life, leaving parental home, gender, family protection, uncertainty