This paper presents a preliminary approach to the heterogeneous and contingent processes by means of which health and the right to health are mutually constituted and defined. Two recent and contrasting manifestations of this dynamic are presented and discussed. The first concerns changes associated with the reframing, associated with neoliberalism, of health as an imperative, recentered upon individual responsibility, risk and prevention. The second, termed health justice, is associated with collective action by citizens, drawing on the discourse of rights and justice to claim recognition and care related to conditions affecting their health.
Keywords: Salute, diritto alla salute, azione collettiva, giustizia sanitaria, biopotere, biosocialità