This essay deals with toponyomy as an instrument of national feeling consolidation after the annexation of Milan to the Kingdom of Sardinia, and later to the Italian State. We have considered the city-council debates on the evocative value of the roads dedicated to the principal figures of the Risorgimento and to outstanding men in the field of letters, arts and sciences, in particular referring to those born in Milan or residing there for some time, who had influenced its civil, artistic and literary life. This action of "memory building" links up with the necessity of rationalizing and modernizing the city that was to become the unified State "moral capital" (ratified by city and district legislation in 1865). This had to take place together with the concern to keep local memories alive, always however, in harmony with the action of nation building from the point of view of language and common memories. This ties in with the will to celebrate principal historic civic events by affixing plaques as a synthesis of a "native history compendium" to be offered for the edification of the people.
Keywords: Milan - Toponyomy - National feeling - Common memories