Alcohol abuse determines many risks for young people, with serious consequences at social and psychophysical levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the motives for alcohol use and the patterns of consumption in a group of Italian university students. We conducted 34 face-to-face interviews with male and female students, aged among 19 and 25 years old. The contents of the transcripts were qualitatively analyzed through a method inspired by the grounded theory. Results show the presence of several motives for alcohol consumption (negative emotions, sensation seeking, social motives, the good taste, cultural/identity motives, mitigating the effects of other illicit drugs), which differ according to students’ residential condition (living on campus vs. at home, commuter), year of enrolment, gender, representation of enjoyment activities (conviviality, intemperance) and meaning of alcohol within the specific context. In: the light of the psychosocial literature, these results emphasize the role played by the university context in moderating alcohol consumption among students.
Keywords: University students, alcohol consumption, motivations, qualitative study.
Eleonora Vivo, Davide Mazzoni, Pamela Monteverdi, Elvira Cicognani, Patterns of consumption and motives for drinking alcohol in a group of Italian university students. A qualitative study in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 1/2012, pp. 133-155, DOI:10.3280/PDS2012-001008