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La leçon des atomes. L’influence lucrétienne chez diderot
Journal Title: RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA 
Author/s: Alain Gigandet 
Year:  2012 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  14 Pg. 253-266 FullText PDF:  489 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SF2012-002004
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The lesson of atoms. Lucretius’ influence in Diderot. Diderot appreciated Lucretius’ poem, which was for him an early introduction to the philosophy of the ancient atomists. He probably intended the Rêve de d’Alembert, which posits the most daring hypotheses of his own philosophy of nature, to be a modern De rerum natura. However, the influence of Lucretius on the Encyclopedist appears to be complex. If Diderot clearly contradicts certain atomist theses, notably as they concern the origin of living beings, this is doubtless due to his fidelity to a profound Epicurean principle - that of the complete autonomy of natural forces - which, in his opinion, needs to be defended on new grounds. Beyond its literal statements, one can thus follow in the Rêve the principal intelligible frameworks characteristic of the De rerum natura, as well as a poetic mode of writing inspired by Lucretius and intended to arouse the speculative imagination. Mots-clé: Diderot, Lucrèce, épicurisme, atomisme, matière, philosophie naturelle, sensibilité, transformisme

Alain Gigandet, in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 2/2012, pp. 253-266, DOI:10.3280/SF2012-002004

   

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